With its 30 km of length (50 if the newest extensions are taken into account), the Avenida de los Insurgentes crosses the city from north to south and is the most important thoroughfare in Mexico City. Originally known as Vía del Centenario in the 1900s and renamed in the late 40s to honour the Ejército de los Insurgentes (Insurgent army - guerrilla army in this case), whose help was crucial for independence, a walk along its pavements is like walking through Mexico's history and present. In no.1587, you will find a spectacularly big, 40 metre long, oval-shaped mosaic by Diego Rivera. It is soon clear that the building is a theatre, because the mural prominently features a Carnival mask and a pair of hands in lace gloves, but looking beyond that, there is a scene with a host of characters who represent the history of theatre in Mexico. Opened in 1953, the theatre has 1000 seats and the plays in it are generally quite inexpensive.
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