A relatively new museum which showcases the evolution of Brazil from the colonial era to the present day

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Museum of National History

An essential visit to understand Brazil's history

Located in the central Marechal Ancora Square, this is a must-see for anyone interested in delving into the history of Brazil. With the aim of preserving and maintaining Brazil’s legacy, its construction was commissioned in 1922 by Epitácio Pessoa, the president at the time. Its permanent exhibition takes a chronological look at Brazil from the colonial period to the present day, with exhaustive details about Brazil’s most decisive moments. It is made up of more than 280,000 pieces, amongst which are collections of gold, silver, crosses and ivory, as well as carriages from different periods in the main hall. The museum also houses the biggest coin collection in Latin America, and in its library there are more than 50,000 titles and other such documents and photographs. The building was completely restored in 1985, and inside you will also find a colonial palace built on what was previously the Santiago Fort. If you can, take a walk around the central courtyard, where you will discover various bronze cannons from the different eras. The museum is open to the public every day of the week except for Mondays. Tuesdays to Fridays from 10:00 to 17:30, and Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 14:00 to 18:00. More information is available at www.museuhistoriconacional.com.br.

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