Grab your bike or simply stroll along the route, marvelling at the breathtaking views

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Tijuca National Park

The oldest natural park in the heart of Río

Declared by Unesco as a Biosphere Reserve in 1991, this is the largest natural space in the whole of Río de Janeiro. For centuries it was home to coffee farms, but when these started to become unprofitable they were replaced with different species of plants. Its conservation began mid-19th century, when this part of the mountain was found almost completely destroyed, jeopardising the city’s water supply. The reforestation was launched thereafter, driven by Emperor Pedro II, and resulted in the planting of 60,000 trees and the recovering of more than 1,600 hectares. Thus, the formation of the park took place in 1961 and was divided into three sectors; A, B and C. It has numerous access points, such as from Vista Chinesa Road, which leads to the viewpoint of the same name and from which you can see Río's entire coastline. When filled with visitors, it makes the perfect place to go for a trek or cycle, a regular weekend pastime. One of its most well-known spots is Floresta da Tijuca, abundant with different species, such as the striking silver-leaved Cecropia tree. It is also home to more than 150 species of animal, including toucans and Marmosets, which share their territory with Macaque monkeys. More information is available at

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