The largest Spanish-speaking country in the world is also the most visited in South America. The reasons for this are endless. Apart from its famous capital, Buenos Aires, Argentina boasts a vast, beautiful and diverse geography, making it the ideal destination for lovers of nature. The impressive Iguazu Falls, in the Misiones province, are one of the most characteristic attractions in the country.
Located in the middle of the rainforest, the waterfall at the mighty Iguazu River was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The same goes for the Ischigualasto Provincial Park and Moon Valley, a protected area that is home to an important paleontological reserve, comprising rock formations that are between 180 and 230 million years old. Mountain lovers have a vast array of options. Mount Aconcagua (the second highest peak in the world after Everest) and the areas of Bariloche and Las Leñas are the perfect places for lovers of mountain climbing, snow and skiing .
For one of Argentina’s most impressive landscapes, head to the Patagonia Glaciers, which are enormous walls of ice. Once you have had your fill of grandeur, head to Buenos Aires. The birthplace of tango is a cosmopolitan and sophisticated city, with a lively culture and nightlife. This city is also home to the most theatres in the world.
If you take a flight to Argentina, please be aware that the time difference is minus four hours with respect to the Spanish mainland.
As a very large country, Argentina has four clearly differentiated climates depending on the region. The north-east of the country, which is a flat inland region, has a warm climate. The central region has a mild climate and an arid climate, the latter being the most common type in the country, and lastly the south-west region of Argentina, which includes high mountains near the South Pole, has a cold climate.
Naturally, the fastest and most convenient way to explore this beautiful country is to take a flight. If you travel to Argentina with Iberia, you will land at Ezeiza Airport, located approximately 35 kilometres from the city of Buenos Aires. From the airport, you can either take a taxi or the much more affordable option of a semi-express bus which passes through various parts of the city.
As regards the local cuisine, Argentina is famous for its beef and fine wines, as well as a for a wide variety of other foods. Perhaps the main characteristic is the strong influence of the Italian and Spanish cuisines.
The "asado" or barbecue is the most typical example of Argentinian cuisine, comprising different cuts of meat as well as beef offal and what are known as "achuras", certain organs of the animal. An "asado" is the best and most popular excuse for getting together with family and friends to celebrate all kinds of sporting, work-related and social events.
Lastly, if you take a flight to Argentina, don't forget the official currency is the Argentine peso.
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