More than a defensive enclosure, since they are in the front line facing France and are one of the best preserved fortified areas in Europe, the 'Murallas de Pamplona' look like spacious historical gardens with reminiscences of war where nowadays people practice sports and families go walking. The original objective of the walls, when they were built in the 17th century, was to defend the city of enemy troops, as proven by ‘Fortín de San Bartolomé’ (Fort San Bartolomé). However, the wall was made obsolete due to the growth of the city and the ineffectiveness of the stone against the heavy artillery. Nowadays, you can learn more about its construction and operation in the 'Centro de Interpretación de las Fortificaciones de Pamplona' (Interpretation Centre for the Pamplona Fortifications), which is located on 'calle Arrieta' (Arrieta Street), next to the 'plaza de toros' (bull ring). The meaning of these walls for Pamplona and its people is explained through videos, re-enactments, photographs and models.
10 tips to keep your hand baggage
Find out what type of packs are considered hand baggage and how to can change them so that they can go in the cabin with you during the flight.Free download