La Baixa (Downtown)
Financial and commercial centre of the city dotted with monuments: perfect fusion of tradition and modernity.
The heritage of Marquis of Pombal.
This is the lower and central part of the city that owes its current appearance to the Marquis of Pombal, who was responsible for its construction following the earthquake that devastated the city in 1775. Its elegant layout, with perpendicular avenues of gleaming white pavement, is nowadays home to the financial and commercial centre of the city, where travellers can experience the less nostalgic face of the city. Among its squares stands out the Rossio Square and, next to it, the Figueira Square, two large spaces in the anthill of slopes of the city. Rossio Square, officially called Praça Dom Pedro IV, named after the first emperor of Brazil, houses on its north side the Teatro Nacional Dona Maria II, daughter of Dom Pedro, built in 1840. On the left, we find the Rossio train station, whose neo-Gothic façade (1887) evokes adventurous trips to faraway lands. Enjoy the visit and indulge yourself in this stately Lisbon where tradition and modernity go hand in hand.