Five female figures representing the five mid-19th-century Central American republics
Commemoration of a momentous 19th-century victory
Right in the Parque Nacional is one of this country's most important sculptural monuments, executed by Frenchman Louis-Robert Carrier-Belleuse, who through the last decades of the 19th century and the first of the 20th worked extensively in various Latin American countries including Guatemala and Argentina. It's made up of five female figures representing each of the Central American republics (besides Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, with Panama not yet in existence) and commemorates the victory of these countries over the 1855-57 campaign of forces under U.S. adventurer William Walker to take control of the region; Walker is depicted here fleeing. The monument also includes four bas reliefs portraying events such as the Battle of Rivas, in which Walker's forces were decisively defeated.