San Pedro del Vaticano (St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican)
The Catholic seat and one of the world's most important pieces of architecture.
You can absorb art and history at the same time
This impressive building is not only the largest basilica in the world, it is also the home of mankind's most influential religions. Its proportions are as impressive as the history hidden behind its walls. The first basilica dates from I century and was erected by Constantine, the Roman Emperor, who made Christianity official in the Empire. But later, a new construction was erected, during the Renaissance period. It was an architectural challenge, which lasted more than 150 years, and was almost abandoned on several occasions. All of this was erected over St. Peter, the Apostle's tomb. Nowadays, when you visit this sacred place, you have to wear clothes which are below the knees, and over the shoulders. Pay attention to every inch of your visit. Bernini's equestrian statue of Constantine and Michelangelo's Pietà are some of the most important works of art there. But don't forget to visit the Popes' Grotto, under the floor of the basilica. Along this route, you can visit the shrine and the tombs of a lot of popes. When evening falls, St Peter's Square is the perfect place to rest after your visit and contemplate what we humans are capable of erecting.
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