This museum is worth visiting just to see its real-life submarine, amongst other attractions
The history of the Brazilian Navy
Sitting in front of Quinze de Novembro Square, on Avenida Alfred Agache, is a place that carefully peels back Brazil's nautical history and the war events involving the country's navy. Marvel at the Naval and Oceanographic Museum (www.mar.mil.br/dphdm), where you will find numerous artillery artefacts, maritime maps and plans, as well as model warships and other objects relating to the world of the sea. The first floor is home to the museum's permanent exhibition, split between seven different rooms, while the second floor is reserved for temporary displays. The eclectic-style building was erected in 1868 as Clube Naval headquarters, and was transformed into a museum as of 1972. Years later it underwent an intense transformation, concluding in 2006. The Espaço Cultural da Marinha is completed by a submarine, the Riachuelo, and a vessel, Nau dos Descobrimientos, which serves as a floating museum, and in turn hosts the Helicopter Museum. Both ships remain anchored in front of Río de Janeiro's pier, and can be visited, along with the rest of the complex, Tuesdays to Sundays from 12:00 to 17:00.